Expand links In this section

National priority plant pests 2016

​​Endorsed by Plant Health Committee at PHC49, 15-17 June

Priority

Pest/pest group

Scientific name(s)

Common name

1

Xylella fastidiosa and confirmed and unconfirmed vectors

Xylella fastidiosa

Pierce’s disease, California vine disease, Anaheim disease (in grapevine)
Dwarf (in lucerne)
Phony disease (in peach)
Leaf scald (in plum)
Leaf scorch (in coffee, almond, blueberry, oleander, elm, oak, plane, mulberry, maple)
Variegated chlorosis (in citrus)

Acrogonia terminalis (vector)
Dilobopterus costalimai(vector)
Draeculacephala minerva (vector)
Graphocephala atropunctata (vector)
Homalodisca vitripennis (vector)
Oncometopia fascialis (vector)
Xyphon fulgidum (vector)

 

Philaenus spumarius (vector)

Glassy winged sharpshooter (vector)

2

Trogoderma granarium

Trogoderma granarium

Khapra beetle

3

Exotic, economic fruit fly (both lure and non-lure responsive)

Anastrepha fraterculus

South American fruit fly

Anastrepha ludens

Mexican fruit fly

Anastrepha suspensa

Caribbean fruit fly

Bactrocera albistrigata

White striped fruit fly

Bactrocera atrisetosa

Fruit fly

Bactrocera carambolae

Carambola fruit fly

Bactrocera caryeae

Fruit fly

Bactrocera correcta

Guava fruit fly

Bactrocera curvipennis

Banana fruit fly

Bactrocera decipiens

Pumpkin fruit fly

Bactrocera dorsalis

Oriental fruit fly

Bactrocera facialis

Tropical fruit fly

Bactrocera kandiensis

Fruit fly

Bactrocera kirki

Fijian fruit fly

Bactrocera latifrons

Solanum fruit fly

Bactrocera melanotus

Fruit fly

Bactrocera minax

Chinese citrus fly

Bactrocera occipitalis

Fruit fly

Bactrocera oleae

Olive fly

Bactrocera passiflorae

Fijian fruit fly

Bactrocera psidii

South sea guava fruit fly

Bactrocera tau

Pumpkin fly

Bactrocera trilineola

Fruit fly

Bactrocera trivialis

New Guinea fruit fly

Bactrocera tsuneonis

Japanese orange fly

Bactrocera umbrosa

Breadfruit fly

Bactrocera xanthodes

Pacific fruit fly

Bactrocera zonata

Peach fruit fly

Drosophila suzukii

Spotted winged drosophila

Ceratitis capitata

Mediterranean fruit fly

Ceratitis rosa

Natal fruit fly

Rhagoletis complete

Walnut husk fly

Rhagoletis fausta

Black cherry fruit fly

Rhagoletis indifferens

Western cherry fruit fly

Toxotrypana curvicauda

Papaya fly

Zeugodacus cucurbitae

Melon fruit fly

4

Tilletia indica

Tilletia indica

Karnal bunt

5

Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (and other strains) complex

'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus'


'Candidatus Liberibacter americanus'


'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus'

Diaphorina citri (vector)


Trioza erytreae (vector)

Huanglongbing and Asian/African citrus psyllid complex

6

Lymantria spp.

Lymantria albescens
Lymantria atemeles
Lymantria concolor
Lymantria dispar asiatica
Lymantria dispar dispar
Lymantria dispar japonica
Lymantria dissolute
Lymantria fumida
Lymantria marginate
Lymantria Mathura
Lymantria minomonis
Lymantria monachal
Lymantria postalba
Lymantria pulverea
Lymantria sinica
Lymantria dispar umbrosa
Lymantria xylina

Exotic gypsy moth

7

Solenopsis spp. and other exotic tramp ant species

Lepisiota frauenfeldi

Brows​ing ant

Nylanderia fulva

Raspberry crazy ant

Solenopsis invicta

Red imported fire ant

Wasmannia auropunctata

Electric ant

8

Internal and external mites of bees (Apis spp.)

Acarapis woodi

Tracheal mite (internal)

Tropilaelaps clareae

Tropilaelaps mite (external)

Tropilaelaps mercedesae

Tropilaelaps mite (external)

Varroa jacobosoni

Varroa mite (external)

Varroa destructor

Varroa mite (external)

9

Lissachatina fulica                 

Lissachatina fulica

Giant African snail

10

Halyomorpha halys               

Halyomorpha halys

Brown-marmorated stink bug

11

Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum complex

Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum, Bactericera cockerelli (vector)

Zebra chip and tomato-potato psyllid complex

12

Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (exotic strains)                     

Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (exotic strains)

Ug99

13

Diuraphis noxia (sexual type)                               

Diuraphis noxia(sexual type)

Russian wheat aphid

14

Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri                        

Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri

Citrus canker

15

Puccinia psidii sensu lato (exotic strains)                     

Puccinia psidii sensu lato (exotic strains)

Guava (Eucalyptus) rust

16

Air-borne Phytophthora spp.

Phytophthora kernoviae
Phytophthora ramorum

Phytophthora blight
Sudden oak death

17

Exotic bee (Apis spp.)

Apis cerana (exotic)

Asian honey bee

Apis dorsata

Giant honey bee

Apis florea

Dwarf honeybee

Apis mellifera capensis

Cape honey bee

Apis mellifera scutellata

African honey bee

Apis mellifera scutellata (hybrid)

Africanized honey bee

18

Fusarium oxysporumf. sp. cubense Tropical race 4

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4

Panama disease Tropical Race 4

19

Globodera spp.

Globodera pallida

Potato cyst nematode (white or pale)

Globodera rostochiensis

Potato cyst nematode (golden)

20

Liriomyza spp.

Liriomyza bryoniae

Tomato leaf miner

Liriomyza cicerina

Chickpea leaf miner

Liriomyza huidobrensis

Serpentine leaf miner

Liriomyza sativae

Vegetable leaf miner

Liriomyza trifolii

American serpentine leaf miner

21

Erwinia amylovora               

Erwinia amylovora

Fire blight

22

Mayetiola spp.

Mayetiola destructor

Hessian fly

Mayetiola hordei

Barley stem gall midge

23

Phymatotrichum omnivorum

Phymatotrichum omnivorum

Texas root rot

24

Cephus spp.

Cephus cinctus
Cephus pygmeus

Wheat stem sawfly

25

Pomacea canaliculata

Pomacea canaliculata

Golden apple snail

26

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei                    

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei

Barley stripe rust

27

Heteroderaspp.

Heterodera avenae
Heterodera filipjevi
Heterodera latipons

Cereal cyst nematode

Heterodera carotae

Carrot cyst nematode

Heterodera ciceri

Chickpea cyst nematode

Heterodera glycines

Soybean cyst nematode

Heterodera zeae

Maize cyst nematode

28

Plum pox virus      

Potyvirus: Plum pox virus    

Sharka

29

Exotic drywood termites

Cryptotermes brevis

West Indian drywood termite

Cryptotermes dudleyi

Drywood termite

Incisitermes minor

Western drywood termite

30

Exotic subterranean termites

Coptotermes formosanus

Formosan subterranean termite

Coptotermes gestroi

Asian subterranean termite

31

Anoplophora spp.  

Anoplophora chinensis

Citrus longhorn beetle

Anoplophora glabripennis

Asian longhorn beetle

Anoplophora malasiaca

White-spotted longhorn beetle

32

Bursaphelenchus spp.

Bursaphelenchus cocophilus

Red ring disease

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Pine wilt nematode

33

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum (exotic races)

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum (exotic races)

Fusarium wilt

34

Chilo spp.

Chilo auricilia

Gold-fringed rice stemborer

Chilo infuscatellus

Yellow top borer of sugarcane

Chilo orichalcociliella

Spotted stem borer

Chilo partellus

Spotted stalk borer

Chilo polychrysa

Dark-headed striped borer

Chilo sacchariphagus

Spotted sugarcane borer

Chilo terrenellus

Sugarcane stalk borer

35

Pseudocercospora fijiensis   

Pseudocercospora fijiensis

Black sigatoka

36

Phytophthora infestans (exotic strains)                     

Phytophthora infestans (exotic strains)

Potato late blight

37

Eurygaster integriceps         

Eurygaster integriceps

Sunn pest

38

Lygus spp.             

Lygus hesperus

Western plant bug

Lygus lineolaris

Tarnished plant bug

39

Monochamus spp.

Monochamus alternatus

Japanese sawyer beetle

Monochamus galloprovincialis

Black pine sawyer beetle

Monochamus obtusus

Obtuse sawyer beetle

Monochamus scutellatus

White-spotted sawyer

Monochamus titillator

Southern pine sawyer

40

Hylesia nigricans   

Hylesia nigricans

Burning moth

41

Neonectria ditissima             

Neonectria ditissima

European canker

42

Ophiostoma novo-ulmi          

Ophiostoma novo-ulmi

Dutch elm disease