National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement (NEBRA) review

The National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement (NEBRA) was signed by the Commonwealth, state and territory governments in January 2012. It establishes the national arrangements for responding to significant pest and disease incursions where there are predominantly public benefits.

The Commonwealth and all state and territory governments undertook an independent review of the NEBRA and sought views on the implementation and effectiveness of the agreement in the five years since its commencement.

The written submission period is now closed.​

Purpose of the review

A requirement of the NEBRA is that the agreement is reviewed within five years of commencement. The outcomes and recommendations of the review may be used to amend the NEBRA or guide its future application in order to strengthen Australia’s ability to respond to environmental biosecurity threats.

This review is not intended to be an audit of operational activities for responses managed under the NEBRA, but a review of the overall operation of the agreement.


In January and February 2017, targeted consultations took place in each state and territory with both government and non-government stakeholders.

Written submissions were also accepted between 18 January 2017 and 17 March 2017.

​Discussion paper

A discussion paper was developed, providing a background to the NEBRA, its key policies and processes, and highlighting key themes for discussion under the review. 


DocumentPagesFile typeFile size
NEBRA Five Year Review Discussion Paper17PDF404 KB
NEBRA Five Year Review Discussion Paper17Word660 KB

​Next steps

All submissions and feedback received will be used to prepare a final report with any recommendations. This report will be provided to the National Biosecurity Committee and Agriculture Senior Officials' Committee for approval, before being distributed to biosecirity ministers through the Agriculture Ministers Forum.


For further information, please contact the NEBRA Review Secretariat.