National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement (NEBRA) review

​​The National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement (NEBRA) was signed by the Commonwealth, state and territory governments in January 2012. It establishes the national arrangements for responding to significant pest and disease incursions where there are predominantly public benefits.

An independent review of the implementation and effectiveness of the agreement in the five years since its commencement has been completed.

The written submission period is now closed.​

Purpose of the review

A requirement of the NEBRA is that the agreement is reviewed within five years of commencementThe NEBRA builds in a requirement for the agreement to be reviewed within five years of commencement. The recommendations of the review may be used to amend the NEBRA or guide its future application in order to strengthen Australia’s ability to respond to environmental biosecurity threats.

This review is not intended to be an audit of operational activities for responses managed under the NEBRA, but a review of the overall operation of the agreement.


In January and February 2017, targeted consultations took place in each state and territory with both government and non-government stakeholders. Over 150 non‑government stakeholder groups were invited to consultation sessions across Australia, with more than 30 groups participating.

Written submissions were also accepted between 18 January 2017 and 17 March 2017.

​Discussion paper

A discussion paper was developed, providing a background to the NEBRA, its key policies and processes, and highlighting key themes for discussion under the review. 


DocumentPagesFile typeFile size
NEBRA Five Year Review Discussion Paper17PDF404 KB
NEBRA Five Year Review Discussion Paper17Word660 KB

Submissions received

Twenty submissions were received, including nine from government agencies/bodies and 11 from non-government organisations.

Thank you to those who contributed written submissions to the review. Submissions can be viewed below.

These submissions were not prepared by the department and may not meet Australian Government accessibility guidelines​. If you require an accessible version of a submission, please contact its author.

Download NEBRA review submissions

DocumentPagesFile typeFile size
Australian Museum Research Institute7PDF391 KB
Biosecurity Council of Western Australia2PDF55 KB
Council of Australasian Weed Societies2PDF79 KB
Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tasmania)9PDF467 KB
Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and Department of Environment and Energy14PDF493 KB
Friends of Belair National Park2PDF77 KB
Invasive Species Council59PDF1.0 MB
National Farmer's Federation​2​PDF251 KB
National Landcare Network2PDF298 KB
Nature Conservation Society of South Austalia2PDF121 KB
New South Wales Government10PDF340 KB
Northern T​erritory Government​8PDF883 KB
Pastoralists and Graziers Association of Western Australia3PDF515 KB
Ports of Australia3PDF273 KB
Queensland Government3PDF118 KB
South Australian Government6PDF230 KB
The Western Australia Farmers Federation (Inc)4PDF231 KB
Western Australia2PDF1.0 MB
Wet Tropics Management Authority6PDF722 KB
Wildlife Health Australia9PDF173 KB

Next steps

All submissions and feedback received were considered in preparing the final report with recommendations.

The report will be provided to the National Biosecurity Committee, who will consider the recommendations at their next meeting.

The report will be published on this web page in late 2017.


For further information, please contact the NEBRA Review Secretariat.