National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement (NEBRA) review

​​​​The National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement (NEBRA) was signed by the Commonwealth, state and territory governments in January 2012. It establishes the national arrangements for responding to significant pest and disease incursions where there are predominantly public benefits.

In 2017 an independent review was undertaken of the implementation and effectiveness of the NEBRA agreement in the five years since its commencement has been completed.

Final report

All submissions and feedback received during the review were considered by independent consultant KPMG who produced the final report.

The final report has been provided to the National Biosecurity Committee which will consider its findings and recommendations in conjunction with the relevant Intergovernmental Agreement on Biosecurity Review recommendations.

National Environmental Biosecurity Response Agreement - Five Year Review PDF [2 MB - 49 pages] DOCX [292 KB - 49 pages]

The published report may not meet Australian Government accessibility guidelines as the report has not been prepared by the department.

The review

A requirement of the NEBRA is that the agreement is reviewed within five years of commencement. The recommendations of the review may then be used to amend the NEBRA or guide its future application in order to strengthen Australia’s ability to respond to environmental biosecurity threats.

The review was not intended to be an audit of operational activities for responses managed under the NEBRA, but a review of the overall operation of the agreement.


In January and February 2017, targeted consultations took place in each state and territory with both government and non-government stakeholders. Over 150 non‑government stakeholder groups were invited to consultation sessions across Australia, with more than 30 groups participating.

Written submissions were also accepted between 18 January 2017 and 17 March 2017.

​Discussion paper

A discussion paper was developed, providing a background to the NEBRA, its key policies and processes, and highlighting key themes for discussion under the review. 


DocumentPagesFile size
NEBRA Five Year Review Discussion Paper PDF 17404 KB
NEBRA Five Year Review Discussion Paper DOCX 17660 KB


Twenty submissions were received, including nine from government agencies/bodies and 11 from non-government organisations.

Thank you to those who contributed written submissions to the review. Submissions can be viewed below.

These submissions were not prepared by the department and may not meet Australian Government accessibility guidelines​. If you require an accessible version of a submission, please contact its author.

Download NEBRA review submissions

DocumentPagesFile size
Australian Museum Research Institute PDF 7391 KB
Biosecurity Council of Western Australia PDF 255 KB
Council of Australasian Weed Societies PDF 279 KB
Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tasmania) PDF 9467 KB
Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and Department of Environment and Energy PDF 14493 KB
Friends of Belair National Park PDF 277 KB
Invasive Species Council PDF 591.0 MB
National Farmer's Federation PDF 2​251 KB
National Landcare Network PDF 2298 KB
Nature Conservation Society of South Austalia PDF 2121 KB
New South Wales Government PDF 10340 KB
Northern T​erritory Government PDF 8883 KB
Pastoralists and Graziers Association of Western Australia PDF 3515 KB
Ports of Australia PDF 3273 KB
Queensland Government PDF 3118 KB
South Australian Government PDF 6230 KB
The Western Australia Farmers Federation (Inc) PDF 4231 KB
Western Australia PDF 21.0 MB
Wet Tropics Management Authority PDF 6722 KB
Wildlife Health Australia PDF 9173 KB

Published submissions may not meet Australian Government accessibility guidelines as they have not been prepared by the department.


For further information, please contact the NEBRA Secretariat.