Australian crop report

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Australian crop report is a quarterly report that assesses crop condition and prospects for major field crops in Australia. It includes analysis of climate and ag​ronomic conditions and forecasts of area, yield and production in key producing states.

October winter crop condition update

  • ABARES has conducted a preliminary assessment of the expected impact of the unfavourable seasonal conditions during early spring on Australian winter crop production. We expect 2018–19 winter crop production to be around 15 per cent lower than the previous forecast of 33.2 million tonnes published in the September edition of the Australian Crop Report.
  • Winter crop area devoted to grains and oilseeds production is estimated to have fallen by around 8 per cent because a higher than planned area was cut for hay.
  • ABARES is continuing to monitor the progress of 2018–19 winter crops and will publish a more detailed assessment in the December edition of the Australian crop report on 4 December 2018.

The October winter crop condition update can be viewed from the Weekly Australian Climate, Water and Agricultural Update for the week 25 October 2018.

Australian Crop Report: September edition

  • Condition of crops at the start of spring varied considerably between the states because of highly varied seasonal conditions over autumn and winter.
    • Crops in Western Australia are generally in good to excellent condition with high yield prospects after a timely seasonal break and above average winter rainfall.
    • Seasonal conditions in Victoria and South Australia were mixed and while crop prospects in some major growing regions are generally good, there are regions where crop prospects are generally below average.
    • Seasonal conditions were very unfavourable in most cropping regions in New South Wales and Queensland and winter crop production in these states is forecast to be very much below average.
  • Winter crop production will be heavily dependent on seasonal conditions during spring in regions in the eastern states (including South Australia) where soil moisture levels are low.
  • According to the latest three-month rainfall outlook (September to November), issued by the Bureau of Meteorology on 30 August 2018, spring rainfall will likely be below average in most cropping regions. Warmer than average temperatures in September are likely in Western Australia and some parts of Queensland. Temperatures in October are likely to be above average in most cropping regions in Australia.
  • Total winter crop production is forecast to decrease by 12% in 2018–19 to 33.2 million tonnes.
  • Winter crop production in 2018–19 is forecast to be 9% below the twenty-year average to 2017–18 but forecast production is 91% above the lowest production level during this period. Production in Queensland and New South Wales is forecast to be 38% and 46% below 2017–18 while production in Western Australia is forecast to be 12% above.
  • For the major winter crops, wheat production is forecast to decrease by 10% to 19.1 million tonnes, barley production is forecast to fall by 7% to around 8.3 million tonnes, and canola production is forecast to fall by 24% to around 2.8 million tonnes.
  • Area planted to summer crops is forecast to fall by 20% in 2018-19 to 1.1 million hectares, driven by forecast falls in area planted to rice and cotton. Area planted to grain sorghum is forecast to increase by 7% in response to favourable prices. Total summer crop production is forecast to fall by 16% to 3.5 million tonnes.

Australian cropping land use

Map of Australia showing boundaries of Australian agricultural land use.  
Note: excludes sugarcane
Source: ABARES 2017, Catchment Scale Land Use of Australia - Update September 2017, ABARES, Canberra, November. CC BY 4.0.

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Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, 2018

Download the full version of the Australian Crop Report: September 2018 No. 187.

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Australian Crop Report: September 2018​ No. 187 PDF 332.3 MB

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Last reviewed:
25 Oct 2018