Australian and New Zealand guidelines for fresh and marine water quality: Volume 2—Aquatic ecosystems—rationale and background information

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Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand and the Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council, 2000

This document is currently under review.

This document is an updated version of guidelines that were part of a suite of 21 documents forming the Australian National Water Quality Management Strategy (NWQMS) and originally released in 1992. Volume 2 contains a review of the state of knowledge of biological indicators in Australia and New Zealand; it is deemed sufficient to substantiate and justify the approaches for biological assessment of water quality described in Volume 1.

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Australian and New Zealand guidelines for fresh and marine water quality: Volume 2 — Aquatic ecosystems — rationale and background information

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Australian and New Zealand guidelines for fresh and marine water quality: Volume 2 - Aquatic ecosystems - rationale and background information

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Background

In this section, some elaboration upon the desired and essential attributes of generalised indicator types (Section 8.1.1) and the merits and potential of different taxonomic and functional groups for monitoring (Section 8.1.2) are provided. This is followed by a list of indicators and methods recommended for assessment of water quality in aquatic ecosystems of Australia and New Zealand (Section 8.1.3).

Though not an exhaustive review of the state of knowledge of biological indicators in Australia and New Zealand, the material presented in this section is deemed sufficient to substantiate and justify the approaches described in Section 3.2.2 (Volume 1) for biological assessment of water quality. Much of the terminology for classes of indicator used in this section has been defined in Section 3.2.2 and hence the two sections should not be read in isolation of one another.