Guidance material and resources

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Illegal logging factsheets

Glossary of terms and abbreviations

This glossary provides a list of terms and abbreviations commonly used in relation to the topic of illegal logging laws.

Glossary

Consignment value threshold

The exemption provided to importers by section 6(1)(c) of the Illegal Logging Prohibition Regulation 2012 when the value of the regulated timber products in an imported consignment is worth less than A$1 000.

Chain of Custody

The chronological documentation or paper trail (custody, control, transfer or analysis of harvested timber) used to ensure the traceability of wood material from a certified forest to any point along the supply chain.

Country Specific Guideline (CSG)

A document negotiated with key trading partners that assists importers to better understand the legal frameworks in that country and how they can minimise the risk of importing illegal timber products from that country.

In the context of Australia’s illegal logging laws, the process of assessing and managing the risk that a timber product includes illegally logged timber.

Illegal logging

Defined in the Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012 as timber that has been ‘harvested in contravention of laws in force in the place (whether or not in Australia) where the timber was harvested’.

Importer

A business or individual who imports regulated timber products into Australia.

Integrated Cargo System (ICS)

A system used by the Department of Immigration and Border Protection. It allows for the electronic lodging of formal import declarations by brokers or importers for all goods imported into Australia.

Reasonably Practicable

The term ‘reasonably practicable’ means what a reasonable person would have done in the particular circumstances.

For businesses or entities importing timber goods into Australia, what is ‘reasonably practicable’ will depend on the individual circumstances of the importer.

There are a number of factors that should be considered when gathering information, such as:

  • the availability of the prescribed information
  • the time, expense and difficulty involved in obtaining information
  • the steps required to gather the necessary information.

Importers must be able to demonstrate they have made reasonable efforts in seeking to obtain the information.

Recycled material

Under the legislation, timber in a regulated timber product is considered recycled material if:

  • the material has been, or has been part of, another product
  • at the time a material was removed from another product, that product was no longer used for its intended purpose and is considered to be waste; and
  • the material has been used as raw material in the regulated timber product

Regulated timber product

A timber product that is regulated under Australia’s illegal logging laws. For imports, this is defined by their customs tariff code (see Regulated timber products). This includes most timber and wood-based products, such as sawn timber, pulp, paper, veneer, mouldings, wood panels, flooring, medium-density fibreboard, particle board, plywood and furniture.

State Specific Guideline

A document negotiated with Australian state governments that assists domestic processors to better understand the legal frameworks in that jurisdiction and how they can minimise the risk of dealing with illegal timber products from that state.

Timber legality framework

An independent third-party certification scheme, or licence, that is listed in Schedule 2 of the Illegal Logging Prohibition Regulation 2012.

Wood, pulp and paper

Used to describe regulated timber products (as defined in the Regulation)

Abbreviations

ABARES 

Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences
ABNAustralian Business Number
AFSAustralian Forestry Standard
ACN Australian Company Number
the Act Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012
CPICorruption Perception Index
CPQ Community Protection Question
CSG Country Specific Guideline
EUEuropean Union
EUTREuropean Union Timber Regulation
FLEGT Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade
FSC Forest Stewardship Council
ICSIntegrated Cargo System
PEFC Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification
the RegulationIllegal Logging Prohibition Regulation 2012
SSG State Specific Guideline

Translated fact sheets

Chinese / 中文

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
打击非法采伐的相关法律 - 进口商须知
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2297 KBJuly 2014July 2016
打击非法采伐的相关法律 - 进口商须知
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016
澳大利亚打击非法采伐的相关法律– 面向澳大利亚的出口商须知
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2443 KBJuly 2014July 2016
澳大利亚打击非法采伐的相关法律– 面向澳大利亚的出口商须知
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Indonesian / Indonesia

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Undang-Undang untuk memerangi penebangan liar - Informasi untuk importir
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2275 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Undang-Undang untuk memerangi penebangan liar - Informasi untuk importir
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Undang-Undang penebangan liar Australia - Informasi untuk perusahaan yang mengekspor ke Australia
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2447 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Undang-Undang penebangan liar Australia - Informasi untuk perusahaan yang mengekspor ke Australia
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Japanese / 日本語

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
違法伐採に対する法律 – 輸入業者向けの情報 -

Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2418 KBJuly 2014July 2016
違法伐採に対する法律 – 輸入業者向けの情報 -

Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2014July 2016
オーストラリアの違法伐採禁止法 – オーストラリアへ輸出する企業のための情報
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2418 KBJuly 2014July 2016
オーストラリアの違法伐採禁止法 – オーストラリアへ輸出する企業のための情報
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Korean / 한국어

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
불법 벌목 금지법 – 수입업체 안내 정보
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1– Information for importers PDF
2282 KBJuly 2014July 2016
불법 벌목 금지법 – 수입업체 안내 정보
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1– Information for importers DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016
호주 불법 벌목법 – 호주 수출업체를 위한 정보 안내
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2442 KBJuly 2014July 2016
호주 불법 벌목법 – 호주 수출업체를 위한 정보 안내
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Malaysian / Malaysia

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Undang-undang terhadap pembalakan haram - Maklumat untuk pengimport
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2218 KBJuly 2016 
Undang-undang terhadap pembalakan haram - Maklumat untuk pengimport
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2016 
Undang-undang Australia untuk memerangi pembalakan haram - Maklumat untuk perniagaan mengeksport ke Australia
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2404 KBJuly 2016 
Undang-undang Australia untuk memerangi pembalakan haram - Maklumat untuk perniagaan mengeksport ke Australia
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2016 

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Spanish / Español

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Leyes para combatir la tala ilegal – Información para importadores
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2245 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Leyes para combatir la tala ilegal – Información para importadores
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Leyes de Australia para combatir la tala ilegal – Información para empresas que exportan a Australia
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2428 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Leyes de Australia para combatir la tala ilegal – Información para empresas que exportan a Australia
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Thai / ไทย

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
กฎหมายต่อต้านการตัดไม้ที่ ผิดกฎหมาย – ข้อมูลส��ำหรับผู้น��ำเข้า
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2222 KBJuly 2014July 2016
กฎหมายต่อต้านการตัดไม้ที่ ผิดกฎหมาย – ข้อมูลส��ำหรับผู้น��ำเข้า
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016
กฎหมายการตัดไม้ที่ผิดกฎหมาย ของออสเตรเลีย – ข้อมูลส��ำหรับ ธุรกิจที่ส่งออกไม้มายังออสเตรเลีย
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2418 KBJuly 2014July 2016
กฎหมายการตัดไม้ที่ผิดกฎหมาย ของออสเตรเลีย – ข้อมูลส��ำหรับ ธุรกิจที่ส่งออกไม้มายังออสเตรเลีย
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2118 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Vietnamese / Tiếng Việt

General factsheets:

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Các luật lệ bài trừ nạn khai thác gỗ bất hợp pháp – Thông tin dành cho nhà nhập khẩu
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers PDF
2316 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Các luật lệ bài trừ nạn khai thác gỗ bất hợp pháp – Thông tin dành cho nhà nhập khẩu
Illegal logging factsheet 1.1 – Information for importers DOCX
2117 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Luật lệ về khai thác gỗ bất hợp pháp của Úc – Thông tin dành cho doanh nghiệp xuất khẩu sang Úc
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia PDF
2421 KBJuly 2014July 2016
Luật lệ về khai thác gỗ bất hợp pháp của Úc – Thông tin dành cho doanh nghiệp xuất khẩu sang Úc
Illegal logging factsheet 1.4 – Information for businesses exporting to Australia DOCX
2119 KBJuly 2014July 2016

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Country specific guidelines

We continue to work with our trading partners to develop additional Country Specific Guidelines. These will be made available here when ready.

These documents have been prepared to help importers better understand the legal frameworks used in other countries to regulate the harvesting of timber. This information can assist you in carrying out your due diligence requirements.
Canada Country Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Canada Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2647 KBSeptember 2014 
Canada Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC299 KBSeptember 2014 
Canada Country Specific Guideline PDF21.1 MBSeptember 2014 
Canada Country Specific Guideline DOC21.5 MBSeptember 2014 

Finland Country Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Finland Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2726 KBSeptember 2014 
Finland Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2380 KBSeptember 2014 
Finland Country Specific Guideline PDF111.0 MBSeptember 2014 
Finland Country Specific Guideline DOC11467 KBSeptember 2014 

Indonesia Country Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Indonesia Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2696 KBOctober 2014 
Indonesia Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC23.1 MBOctober 2014 
Indonesia Country Specific Guideline PDF261.5 MBOctober 2014 
Indonesia Country Specific Guideline DOC263.3 MBOctober 2014 

Italy Country Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Italy Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2658 KBOctober 2014 
Italy Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2218 KBOctober 2014 
Italy Country Specific Guideline PDF15947 KBOctober 2014 
Italy Country Specific Guideline DOC15345 KBOctober 2014 

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Malaysia

Malaysia’s forestry and timber industry operates in three defined regions; Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak. To assist importers, a Country Specific Guideline is available for each region. The Quick Reference Guide covers all three regions.

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Malaysia Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2863 KBFebruary 2015March 2017
Malaysia Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOCX2560 KBFebruary 2015March 2017
Malaysia Country Specific Guideline – Peninsula PDF311.8 MBFebruary 2015March 2017
Malaysia Country Specific Guideline – Peninsula DOCX313.4 MBFebruary 2015March 2017
Country Specific Guideline – Sabah PDF413.9 MBFebruary 2015March 2017
Country Specific Guideline – Sabah DOCX4110.1 MBFebruary 2015March 2017
Country Specific Guideline – Sarawak PDF372.9 MBFebruary 2015March 2017
Country Specific Guideline – Sarawak DOC375.2 MBFebruary 2015March 2017

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New Zealand Country Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
New Zealand Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2574 KBOctober 2014 
New Zealand Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2317 KBOctober 2014 
New Zealand Country Specific Guideline PDF131.1 MBOctober 2014 
New Zealand Country Specific Guideline DOC13472 KBOctober 2014 

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Papua New Guinea

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Papua New Guinea Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2231 KBMarch 2016 
Papua New Guinea Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC27.7 MBMarch 2016 
Papua New Guinea Country Specific Guideline PDF282.0 MBMarch 2016 
Papua New Guinea Country Specific Guideline DOC287.0 MBMarch 2016 

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Solomon Islands Country Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Solomon Islands Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2710 KBMay 2014 
Solomon Islands Country Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2781 KBMay 2014 
Solomon Islands Country Specific Guideline PDF281.1 MBMay 2014 
Solomon Islands Country Specific Guideline DOC281.0 MBMay 2014 

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We are continuing to work with our trading partners to develop additional Country Specific Guidelines. These will be made available here when ready.

State specific guidelines

These documents have been prepared to help processors better understand the legal frameworks used in each Australian state to regulate the harvesting of timber. This information can assist you in carrying out your due diligence requirements.

New South Wales State Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
New South Wales State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2293 KBOctober 2014 
New South Wales State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOCX2106 KBOctober 2014 
New South Wales State Specific Guideline PDF12710 KBOctober 2014 
New South Wales State Specific Guideline DOC12803 KBOctober 2014 

Queensland State Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Queensland State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2293 KBJune 2016 
Queensland State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOCX2106 KBJune 2016 
Queensland Specific Guideline (released June 2016) PDF171.0 MBJune 2016 
Queensland Specific Guideline (released June 2016) DOCX172.0 MBJune 2016 

South Australia State Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile size Released Revised
South Australia State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2524 KBOctober 2014 
South Australia State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2241 KBOctober 2014 
South Australia State Specific Guideline PDF171.5 MBOctober 2014 
South Australia State Specific Guideline DOC171.8 MBOctober 2014 

Tasmania State Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Tasmania State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF1111 KBMay 2014 
Tasmania State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC1118 KBMay 2014 
Tasmania State Specific Guideline PDF13582 KBMay 2014 
Tasmania State Specific Guideline DOC13875 KBMay 2014 

Victoria State Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Victoria State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2425 KBOctober 2014 
Victoria State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2129 KBOctober 2014 
Victoria State Specific Guideline PDF13582 KBOctober 2014 
Victoria State Specific Guideline DOC131.4 MBOctober 2014 

Western Australia State Specific Guideline

DocumentPagesFile sizeReleasedRevised
Western Australia State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide PDF2647 KBOctober 2014 
Western Australia State Specific Guideline – Quick Reference Guide DOC2188 KBOctober 2014 
Western Australia State Specific Guideline PDF323.1 MBOctober 2014 
Western Australia State Specific Guideline DOC323.8 MBOctober 2014 

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We are continuing to work with the state governments to develop additional State Specific Guidelines.

Industry generated guidance materials

The Department partnered with The Australian Timber Importers Federation (ATIF) and Timber Development Association in 2014 to prepare a Legality Compliance Toolkit​ to assist timber product importers understand, implement and comply with the requirements of the Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012 and the Illegal Logging Prohibition Regulation 2012.

DocumentPagesFile size
Legality Compliance Toolkit PDF489.0 MB
Legality Compliance Toolkit Addendum PDF16656 KB

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We continue to examine and develop new and improved guidance materials on the illegal laws. These will be made available here when ready.

Information events

Upcoming events

  • No current events scheduled.

Media releases

Reports supporting the illegal logging laws

The reports below highlight the importance of illegal logging laws. Some of the reports were commissioned by the government.

Document

PagesFile size

Released

The Environmental Crime Crisis – Threats to Sustainable Development from Illegal Exploitation and Trade in Wildlife and Forest Resources.

United Nations Environmental Programme and INTERPOL – A UNEP Rapid Response Assessment to provide data, analysis, and broadest insights into the illegal trade in wildlife and forest resources.

  

2014

Legal Forest Products Assurance: Supplementary report on selected timber legality assurance frameworks, URS PDF

This report provides an assessment of the three largest timber legality frameworks operating internationally to assist the Department of Agriculture in the application of the regulations under the Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012.

44370 KB

2013

Legal Forest Products Assurance: Supplementary report on selected timber legality assurance frameworks, URS DOC444.0 MB 

Supplementary Report on Chain-of-Custody Schemes, URS PDF

This supplementary report provides an assessment of the leading chain-of-custody (COC) certification schemes operating globally to inform and provide further support to the Department of Agriculture in the application of the regulations under the Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012.

44525 KB

2014

Supplementary Report on Chain-of-Custody Schemes, URS DOC441.1 MB 

Regulation Impact Statement: Australian Government policy on illegally logged timber, Department of Agriculture PDF

This assesses the potential costs and benefits for domestic business, individuals and the Australian economy of regulatory options designed to restrict the importation of illegally logged timber into Australia.

42598 KB

2010

Regulation Impact Statement: Australian Government policy on illegally logged timber, Department of Agriculture DOC42803 KB 

Small Business Impact Statement, Cailum Pty Ltd PDF

This statement categorises the structure and nature of small businesses operating within the Australian forest products industry and assesses how the illegal logging policy will affect those businesses.

28471 KB

2010

Small Business Impact Statement, Cailum Pty Ltd DOC28617 KB 

Overview of Illegal Logging, Jaako Poyry Consulting PDF

This report assessed the impact of the trade in illegally logged timber on Australian forest product imports.

831.1 MB

2005

A risk assessment framework for assessing the legality of timber and wood products imported into Australia, Jaako Pyry Consulting, 2010 PDF

This report examined potential methods to estimate the value of illegally harvested timber being imported into Australia.

834.4 MB

2010

A risk assessment framework for assessing the legality of timber and wood products imported into Australia, Jaako Pyry Consulting, 2010 DOC831.6 MB 

Illegal Logging Regulation: the affected community, ABARES, 2013

This report analysed imports of timber products into Australia in 2011 and 2012 to inform the due diligence compliance framework.

63 

2013

A framework for differentiating legality verification and chain of custody schemes, URS DOC

This report provides guidance to industry on how they can differentiate between the available systems of timber legality verification.

851.4 MB

2010

A review of the regulatory frameworks and documentation relating to legality of timber production in Australia, URS, 2009 PDF

This report conducts a review of the legal frameworks and associated documentation for timber production in Australia.

16198 KB

2009

A review of the social costs of illegal logging, Coakes Consulting, 2010 PDF

This report focuses on the social impacts that illegal logging has on forest dependent communities in producer countries.

52804 KB 

A review of the social costs of illegal logging, Coakes Consulting, 2010 DOC

521.4 MB

2010

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Departmental policy statement

The department developed an initial position paper outlining how we would work with, and support industry with the illegal logging laws and due diligence requirements.

DocumentsPagesFile size
Department of Agriculture illegal logging position paper at June 2014 PDF2189 KB
Department of Agriculture illegal logging position paper at June 2014 DOC21.8 MB

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Disclaimer:

​ Some publications, not prepared by the department, may not meet Australian Government accessibility guidelines. If you require an accessible version of the publication, please contact its author.