Biosecurity levies include Animal Health Australia and Plant Health Australia membership levies, and Emergency Animal Disease Response and Emergency Plant Pest Response levies.
Animal Health Australia/Plant Health Australia membership levies
Biosecurity levies can be used to meet membership subscriptions to Plant Health Australia (PHA) and Animal Health Australia (AHA) and broader plant and animal biosecurity projects can also be funded by levies in some instances.
The role of AHA and PHA is to facilitate a national approach to enhancing Australia’s animal and plant health status, through government and industry partnerships for pest and disease preparedness, prevention, emergency response and management.
The Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed (EPPRD), managed by PHA and the Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement (EADRA), managed by AHA, outline responsibilities and activities in the event of an incursion.
A number of industry bodies are signatory to the agreements but do not yet have an emergency response levy in place.
Emergency response levies
Emergency response levies are a key element of Australia’s national biosecurity system. They allow industry parties to raise funds to contribute to national cost-shared eradication responses to pest and disease incursions.
Under the emergency response deeds, emergency response levies provide a funding mechanism to cover industry's share of any exotic pest or disease eradication program. Generally set at zero ($0), emergency response levies are activated in the event of an incursion of an exotic plant or animal pest or disease, to which an eradication response is agreed to by industry members of PHA.
The Australian Government may initially meet an industry's cost-sharing obligations for an eradication response, but the relevant industry will then repay the government within a reasonable time period - generally up to 10 years.
Arrangements for activating emergency response levies
A streamlined process for activating or amending emergency response levies was introduced on 1 November 2015. The process, detailed in the flowchart below, allows consultation to take the form of a public notification process followed by an objection period of 30 days. Industry bodies must show levy payers concerns have been dealt with and must address any objections before progressing the emergency response levy.
The streamlined consultation process recognises that industry support for an emergency response levy, and its intended activation when required, was demonstrated at the introduction of the levy.
The frequently asked questions webpage provide more specific information regarding emergency response levies, the emergency response deeds and the levy activation processes.
Industry bodies are welcome, and encouraged, to consult with the department, Animal Health Australia or Plant Health Australia when considering any changes to levies. General enquiries and more information on the levy processes and requirements can be made at
Flowchart PDF [77 KB, 1 page]