Australian Crop Report: February edition
Winter crop production in Western Australia is estimated to have reached 17.7 million tonnes in 2018–19. This is the second largest Western Australian crop on record and is a 9% increase on the estimate published in the December edition of
Australian crop report. Seasonal conditions were generally favourable until rainfall deficiencies in September and frost events in some areas during spring threatened to put this result out of reach. However, the finish to the season was extremely favourable and boosted production more than was initially expected.
Publically reported winter crop receivals were at 16.4 million tonnes at the conclusion of the harvest.
Wheat production is estimated to have increased by 28% to 10.2 million tonnes in 2018–19, largely because of an estimated 36% increase in the average yield. Area planted is estimated to be 4.7 million hectares, which is slightly lower than the 10-year average to 2017–18 and reflects a partial shift from wheat to barley production by many producers.
Barley production is estimated to have increased by 33% to 4.9 million tonnes. This represents the largest barley crop ever grown in Western Australia and exceeds the previous record high by almost 800,000 tonnes. Planted area increased by 25%, largely at the expense of area planted to wheat.
Canola production is estimated to have decreased by 26% to 1.5 million tonnes in 2018–19. This reflects a 13% fall in planted area and an estimated 15% decrease in the average yield. This outcome resulted from unfavourable seasonal conditions during the planting window for canola and its early growing phase.
Table 11 Winter crop forecasts, Western Australia, 2018–19
Note: Yields are based on area planted. Area based on planted crop that is harvested, fed off or failed.