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About my region – Sunshine Coast Queensland

​​​​​​​​About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors in the Sunshine Coast region and the recent Queensland financial performance of the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.

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​​​Regional overview

The Sunshine Coast region of Queensland is located in the south–east corner of the state. The region comprises part of the local government area of Sunshine Coast, and the major regional centres of Caloundra, Maroochydore, Nambour and Noosa Heads. The region covers a total area of around 3,085 square kilometres, or less than 0.5 per cent of Queensland's total area, and is home to approximately 357,400 people (ABS 2017).

Agricultural land in the Sunshine Coast region occupies 1,087 square kilometres, or 35 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 888 square kilometres, or 29 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 529 square kilometres or 17 per cent of the Sunshine Coast region.

Broad land use in the Sunshine Coast region
Shows a map of broad land use in the Sunshine Coast region. It includes a legend which shows the broad land use categories— nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use; grazing native vegetation; production forestry; grazing modified pastures; plantation forestry; cropping; horticulture; intensive uses and water. This map is discussed in the above paragraph.
Source: Catchment scale land use of Australia ABARES 2017

Employment

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the May 2018 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 178,000 people were employed in the Sunshine Coast region. The Sunshine Coast accounts for 7 per cent of total employment in Queensland and 5 per cent of all people employed in the Queensland agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.

Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 30,600 people, followed by construction with 24,000 people, and retail trade with 17,400 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were accommodation and food services; education and training; and professional, scientific and technical services. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 3,100 people, representing 2 per cent of the region's workforce.

Employment profile, Sunshine Coast region, May 2018
Shows the number of people employed in the Sunshine Coast region by industry in thousands. The figure is discussed in the previous two paragraphs.
Note: Annual average of the preceding 4 quarters.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 6291.0, Labour Force, Australia 2018

Agricultural sector

Value of agricultural production

In 2016–17, the gross value of agricultural production in the Sunshine Coast region was $218 million, which was 2 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Queensland ($14 billion).

The Sunshine Coast region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were poultry ($81 million), followed by strawberries ($23 million) and macadamias ($20 million). These commodities together contributed 57 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region.

Value of agricultural production, Sunshine Coast region, 2016–17
Shows the gross value of agricultural production in the region in millions of dollars. The figure is discussed in the previous three paragraphs.

Note: The graph shows only data published by the ABS. Some values were not published by the ABS to ensure confidentiality.
The "Other commodities" category includes the total value of commodities not published as well as those with small values.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 7503.0, Value of agricultural commodities produced, Australia 2018

Number and type of farms

ABS data indicate that in 2015–16 there were 390 farms in the Sunshine Coast region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 2 per cent of all farm businesses in Queensland.

Number of farms, by industry classification, Sunshine Coast region, 2015–16
Industry classificationSunshine Coast region​Queensland
Number of farms% of RegionNumber of farmsContribution of region to state total %
Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing          9925.5         86711.5
Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)          7619.5     8,4660.9
Dairy Cattle Farming          348.7         4986.8
Nursery Production (Outdoors)          266.6         12121.3
Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)          236.0         6793.5
Nursery Production (Under Cover)          236.0         11819.7
Berry Fruit Growing          205.1           9221.6
Other          8822.6     7,0871.2
Total agriculture       390 100   17,929 2.2

Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more.
Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017

Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Other fruit and tree nut growing farms (99 farms) were the most common, accounting for 25 per cent of all farms in the Sunshine Coast region, and 11 per cent of all other fruit and tree nut farms in Queensland.

Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 45 per cent of farms in the Sunshine Coast region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 7 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2015–16. In comparison, 13 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 59 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Sunshine Coast region in 2015–16.

Distribution of farms by estimated value of agricultural operations, Sunshine Coast region, 2015–16
Shows share of farms and share of value of agricultural operations in the Sunshine Coast region. The figure is discussed in the previous paragraph.
Note: Only farms with an EVAO of $50,000 or more in 2015–16 are included in these data. The scope of ABS Rural Environment and Agricultural Collections changed in 2015–16 to include only agricultural businesses with an EVAO of $40,000 or greater.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017​

Farm financial performance

Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, grains, dairy and vegetable farms in Queensland.

Fisheries sector

The Mooloolaba area is one of the key ports in the region for commercial fishing and it is the second largest homeport for the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery. The common species targeted in this region include snapper, mackerel, tuna, cobia and pearl perch. The East Coast Trawl Fishery, which is the largest of Queensland's commercial fisheries, also operates in the area. The fishery targets mostly prawns, but also harvests bugs, squid, scallops and other species. The Eastern King Prawn is the most popular species in the region where it is also called a Mooloolaba Prawn.

About 17 per cent of Sunshine Coast residents fish at least once each year, which is the statewide average for participation in recreational fishing (Taylor et. al. 2012). They mostly fish in the south-eastern catchment and south-eastern coastal waters of Queensland. These waters are also fished by a large number of Brisbane residents. The most common species caught in this region are bream, flathead, whiting, tailor, snapper and mud crab. Recreational fishing effort is mostly directed at coastal waters and estuaries and equal proportions of effort are recorded by boat fishers and shore fishers.

In 2015–16 the total gross value of Queensland's fisheries production was $291.1 million, a decrease of 1 per cent ($2.1 million) from 2014–15. Queensland contributed 10 per cent of the total value of Australian fisheries production in 2015–16. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 60 per cent ($175.9 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 40 per cent ($118.3 million).

Queensland's wild-catch fisheries sector provides a range of fisheries products. The highest contribution being from prawns, which account for 36 per cent of the total value of wild-catch fisheries production with a value of $62.7 million, followed by coral trout (15 per cent; $26.8 million) and crabs (14 per cent; $24.2 million). Over the last decade the real value of Queensland's wild-caught fisheries products has reduced by 37 per cent. Prawns, snapper and shark, showed the largest decline in the value of production over the past decade, reducing by 35 per cent, 77 per cent and 66 per cent respectively. Competition from imported prawns in the domestic market has also placed significant downward pressure on prices in recent years.

The value of Queensland's aquaculture production has increased by 4 per cent in 2015–16 to $118.3 million. Prawn and barramundi farming account for the largest share of production by value, with prawns accounting for 68 per cent, and $80.5 million of production, followed by barramundi (25 per cent; $29.3 million).

Commonwealth fisheries active in the waters off the east coast of Queensland include the Commonwealth Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with tuna) and the Coral Sea Fishery.

In 2015–16, Queensland's fisheries product exports were valued at $199.6 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen fish, prawns and rock lobster. Hong Kong, Japan and the United States are the major destinations for Queensland fisheries exports, accounting for 42 per cent, 17 per cent and 14 per cent of the total value of exports in 2015–16, respectively. Other major export destinations include China (7 per cent) and Vietnam (4 per cent).

Recreational fishing is popular in Queensland. The results of the 2013–14 state wide and regional recreational fishing survey report that recreational fishing continues to be a popular activity; however the participation rate has dropped from 17 per cent in 2010 to 15 per cent in 2013. In the 12 months prior to November 2013 approximately 700,000 Queenslanders went recreational fishing (QDAF 2015). Total expenditure in the sector is estimated to be between $350 million and $420 million in 2008–09 (DEEDI 2009). The tropical waters of Queensland are also a key area for tourism, attracting anglers from around the world and Australia. Popular target species include crabs, prawns and a range of finfish species including cods and groupers, coral trout, redthroat emperor, rosy snapper, and mackerel. For freshwater activity some key species caught include barramundi, eels, silver perch, and yabby and blueclaw crayfish.

Forestry sector

In 2014–15, the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Sunshine Coast region was 15,600 hectares, comprised of 600 hectares of hardwood plantations and 15,100 hectares of softwood plantations. The main softwood species planted are slash pine (Pinus elliottii) and hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii).

In 2011, there were 172,700 hectares of native forests in the Sunshine Coast region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt medium open (59,100 hectares), Eucalypt tall open (22,000 hectares), Rainforest (21,400 hectares) and Melaleuca (15,200 hectares) forest types. There were 94,000 hectares of native forests privately owned and 55,100 hectares were in nature conservation reserves. Major timber processing industries are located in Diamond Valley, Palmview and Peachester.

In 2015–16, the total plantation area in Queensland was 230,400 hectares, comprised of 34,800 hectares of hardwood plantations, 195,500 hectares of softwood plantations and 100 hectares of other plantations.

In 2015–16, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in Queensland was 285,000 cubic metres valued at $43 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested was 14,000 cubic metres valued at $1 million. The volume of softwood harvested, including native cypress pines, was 2.6 million cubic metres valued at $205 million.

The sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in Queensland was estimated at $2.6 billion in 2015–16. Sales and service income for paper and paper products is not available for 2015−16.

In 2016, Queensland's forestry sector employed 9,518 workers (0.4 per cent of the total employed workforce) compared with 12,840 (0.4 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry, logging, support services, timber wholesaling; and wood, pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.

Areas of native forest, by tenure, Sunshine Coast region
Shows the areas of native forest, by tenure in the Sunshine Coast region. The figure is discussed in the previous paragraph.

Source: ABARES Australia's State of the Forests Report 2013

References

ABS 2017, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2016, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 19 September 2017.

DEEDI 2009, Prospects for Queensland's primary industries 2009–10, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Brisbane, Queensland.

QDAF 2015, Statewide Recreational Fishing Surveys, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.

Taylor, S, Webley, J & McInnes, K 2012, 2010 Statewide Recreational Fishing Survey, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Brisbane, Queensland.

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Last reviewed:
07 Nov 2018