About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors in the Sunshine Coast region and the recent Queensland financial performance of the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.
The Sunshine Coast region of Queensland is located in the south–east corner of the state. The region comprises part of the local government area of Sunshine Coast, and the major regional centres of Caloundra, Maroochydore, Nambour and Noosa Heads. The region covers a total area of around 3,085 square kilometres, or less than 0.5 per cent of Queensland's total area, and is home to approximately 357,400 people (ABS 2017).
Agricultural land in the Sunshine Coast region occupies 1,087 square kilometres, or 35 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 888 square kilometres, or 29 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 529 square kilometres or 17 per cent of the Sunshine Coast region.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the November 2017 Labour Force Survey indicate that around174,600 people were employed in the Sunshine Coast region. The Sunshine Coast accounts for 7 per cent of total employment in Queensland and 4 per cent of all people employed in the Queensland agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Construction was the largest employment sector with 26,900 people, followed by health care and social assistance with 25,400 people, and retail trade with 19,300 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were accommodation and food services; education and training; and professional, scientific and technical services. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 2,200 people, representing 1 per cent of the region's workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2016–17, the gross value of agricultural production in the Sunshine Coast region was $218 million, which was 2 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Queensland ($14 billion).
The Sunshine Coast region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were poultry ($81 million), followed by strawberries ($23 million) and macadamias ($20 million). These commodities together contributed 57 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2015–16 there were 390 farms in the Sunshine Coast region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 2 per cent of all farm businesses in Queensland.
Number of farms, by industry classification, Sunshine Coast region, 2015–16
|Industry classification||Sunshine Coast region||Queensland|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region to state total %|
|Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing|| 99||25.5|| 867||11.5|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)|| 76||19.5|| 8,466||0.9|
|Dairy Cattle Farming|| 34||8.7|| 498||6.8|
|Nursery Production (Outdoors)|| 26||6.6|| 121||21.3|
|Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)|| 23||6.0|| 679||3.5|
|Nursery Production (Under Cover)|| 23||6.0|| 118||19.7|
|Berry Fruit Growing|| 20||5.1|| 92||21.6|
|Other|| 88||22.6|| 7,087||1.2|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more.
Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Other fruit and tree nut growing farms (99 farms) were the most common, accounting for 25 per cent of all farms in the Sunshine Coast region, and 11 per cent of all other fruit and tree nut farms in Queensland.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 45 per cent of farms in the Sunshine Coast region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 7 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2015–16. In comparison, 13 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 59 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Sunshine Coast region in 2015–16.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, grains, dairy and vegetable farms in
The Mooloolaba area is one of the key ports in the region for commercial fishing and it is the second largest homeport for the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery. The common species targeted in this region include snapper, mackerel, tuna, cobia and pearl perch. The East Coast Trawl Fishery, which is the largest of Queensland's commercial fisheries, also operates in the area. The fishery targets mostly prawns, but also harvests bugs, squid, scallops and other species. The Eastern King Prawn is the most popular species in the region where it is also called a Mooloolaba Prawn.
About 17 per cent of Sunshine Coast residents fish at least once each year, which is the statewide average for participation in recreational fishing (Taylor et. al. 2012). They mostly fish in the south-eastern catchment and south-eastern coastal waters of Queensland. These waters are also fished by a large number of Brisbane residents. The most common species caught in this region are bream, flathead, whiting, tailor, snapper and mud crab. Recreational fishing effort is mostly directed at coastal waters and estuaries and equal proportions of effort are recorded by boat fishers and shore fishers.
In 2014–15 the total gross value of Queensland's fisheries production was $291.1 million, an increase of 4 per cent ($10.8 million) from 2013-14. Queensland contributed 11 per cent of the total value of Australian fisheries production in 2014–15. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 61 per cent ($177.1 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 39 per cent ($114.1 million).
Queensland's wild-catch fisheries sector provides a range of fisheries products. The highest contribution being from prawns, which account for 35 per cent of the total value of wild-catch fisheries production with a value of $62.8 million, followed by crabs (17 per cent; $29.5 million) and coral trout (14 per cent; $24.6 million). Over the last decade the real value of Queensland's wild-caught fisheries products has reduced by 32 per cent. Prawns and shark, showed the largest decline in the value of production over the past decade, reducing by 41 per cent and 86 per cent respectively. Competition from imported prawns in the domestic market has also placed significant downward pressure on prices in recent years.
The value of Queensland's aquaculture production has increased by 28 per cent in 2014–15 to $114.1 million. Prawn and barramundi farming account for the largest share of production by value, with prawns accounting for 71 per cent, and $81.2 million of production, followed by barramundi (24 per cent; $27.5 million).
Commonwealth fisheries active in the waters off the east coast of Queensland include the Commonwealth Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with tuna) and the Coral Sea Fishery. The final proposed Commonwealth Coral Sea Marine Reserves network released on 14 June 2012 is estimated to displace $4.0 million of gross value of production from these fisheries when the zoning comes into effect.
In 2014–15, Queensland's fisheries product exports were valued at $160 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen fish, prawns and rock lobster. Hong Kong, Japan and the United States are the major destinations for Queensland fisheries exports, accounting for 48 per cent, 13 per cent and 9 per cent of the total value of exports in 2013–14, respectively. Other major export destinations include Vietnam (9 per cent), Malaysia (3 per cent) and Taiwan (3 per cent).
Recreational fishing is popular in Queensland. The results of the 2013–14 state wide and regional recreational fishing survey report that recreational fishing continues to be a popular activity; however the participation rate has dropped from 17 per cent in 2010 to 15 per cent in 2013. In the 12 months prior to November 2013 approximately 700,000 Queenslanders went recreational fishing (QDAFF 2015). Total expenditure in the sector is estimated to be between $350 million and $420 million in 2008–09 (DEEDI 2009). The tropical waters of Queensland are also a key area for tourism, attracting anglers from around the world and Australia. Popular target species include crabs, prawns and a range of finfish species including cods and groupers, coral trout, redthroat emperor, rosy snapper, and mackerel. For freshwater activity some key species caught include barramundi, eels, silver perch, and yabby and blueclaw crayfish.
In 2014–15, the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Sunshine Coast region was 15,600 hectares, comprised of 600 hectares of hardwood plantations and 15,100 hectares of softwood plantations. The main softwood species planted are slash pine (Pinus elliottii) and hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii).
In 2011, there were 172,700 hectares of native forests in the Sunshine Coast region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt medium open (59,100 hectares), Eucalypt tall open (22,000 hectares), Rainforest (21,400 hectares) and Melaleuca (15,200 hectares) forest types. There were 94,000 hectares of native forests privately owned and 55,100 hectares were in nature conservation reserves. Major timber processing industries are located in Diamond Valley, Palmview and Peachester.
In 2015–16, the total plantation area in Queensland was 230,400 hectares, comprised of 34,800 hectares of hardwood plantations, 195,500 hectares of softwood plantations and 100 hectares of other plantations.
In 2015–16, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in Queensland was 285,000 cubic metres valued at $43 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested was 14,000 cubic metres valued at $1 million. The volume of softwood harvested, including native cypress pines, was 2.6 million cubic metres valued at $205 million.
The sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in Queensland was estimated at $2.6 billion in 2015–16. Sales and service income for paper and paper products is not available for 2015−16.
In 2016, Queensland's forestry sector employed 9,518 workers (0.4 per cent of the total employed workforce) compared with 12,840 (0.4 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry, logging, support services, timber wholesaling; and wood, pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
Areas of native forest, by tenure, Sunshine Coast region
ABARES Australia's State of the Forests Report 2013
Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2016, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 19 September 2017.
Prospects for Queensland's primary industries 2009–10, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Brisbane, Queensland.
Statewide Recreational Fishing Surveys, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.
Taylor, S, Webley, J & McInnes, K 2012,
2010 Statewide Recreational Fishing Survey, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Brisbane, Queensland.