About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture sector in the Far West and Orana region and the recent financial performance of the New South Wales broadacre, dairy, vegetable, and sugarcane industries.
The Far West and Orana region of New South Wales is located in the north-west corner of the state extending north-west from Dubbo to the borders with South Australia and Queensland. It includes the towns of Bourke and Wilcannia on the Darling River, and Broken Hill. The region comprises the thirteen local government areas of Bogan, Bourke, Brewarrina, Broken Hill, Central Darling, Cobar, Coonamble, Dubbo, Gilgandra, Narromine, Walgett, Warren, and Wellington, and parts of the Cabonne and Warrumbungle Shire areas. The region covers a total area of around 339,364 square kilometres or 42.4 per cent of New South Wales and is home to approximately 113,600 people (ABS 2011).
Agricultural land in the Far West and Orana region occupies 306,953 square kilometres, or 90 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas, and minimal use) occupy 24,531 square kilometres, or 7 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 249,470 square kilometres or 74 per cent of the Far West and Orana region.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the February 2017 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 58,300 people were employed in the Far West and Orana region. The region accounts for 2 per cent of total employment in New South Wales and 13 per cent of all people employed in the New South Wales agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Agriculture, forestry and fishing was the largest employment sector with 10,500 people, representing 18 per cent of the region's workforce. This was followed by health care and social assistance with 7,700 people, and retail trade with 6,900 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were education and training, accommodation and food services, and construction.
Value of agricultural production
In 2014–15, the gross value of agricultural production in the Far West and Orana region was $1.4 billion, which was 12 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales ($12.1 billion).
The Far West and Orana region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were wheat ($341 million), followed by cattle and calves ($296 million), and wool ($186 million). These commodities together contributed 59 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. Additionally, in 2014–15 the Far West and Orana region accounted for 28 per cent ($161 million) of the total value of the state's cotton production.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2014–15 there were 3,256 farms in the Far West and Orana region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $5,000 or more. The region contains 9 per cent of all farm businesses in New South Wales.
Number of farms, by industry classification, Far West and Orana region, 2014–15
Far West and Orana region
New South Wales
Number of farms
% of Region
Number of farms
Contribution of region to state total %
Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)
Sheep Farming (Specialised)
Other Grain Growing
Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming
Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming
Other Livestock Farming nec
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $5,000 or more.
Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown
nec Not elsewhere classified
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (876 farms) were the most common, accounting for 27 per cent of all farms in the Far West and Orana region, and 7 per cent of all beef cattle farms in New South Wales.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 35 per cent of farms in the Far West and Orana region had an EVAO of less than $50,000. These farms accounted for only 3 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2014–15. In comparison, 14 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $500,000 and accounted for an estimated 65 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Far West and Orana region in 2014–15.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, sheep, grains, dairy, vegetable, and sugarcane farms in New South Wales.
ABS 2011, Census of Population and Housing, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra.