Weekly update - 4 October 2018

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 3 October 2018 little to no rainfall was recorded across much of mainland Australia, where falls did occur, these were mainly restricted to the east, far south and south west of the country. Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres were recorded across isolated regions of south-eastern Queensland, north-eastern New South Wales, western Tasmania and south-western Western Australia.
  • For the week ending 2 October 2018, maximum temperatures were generally above average (2°C to 6°C) across most of the country. Maximum temperatures were below average (-2°C to -4°C) in the south of Western Australia. Minimum temperatures were above average (2°C to 6°C) in large parts of central Queensland, north-western South Australia, southern Northern Territory and Western Australia. Minimum temperatures were below average (-2°C to -6°C) in parts of south-eastern and northern Australia.
  • Area-average rainfall in September 2018 was the lowest on record for Australia. Rainfall deficiencies were widespread—Victoria recorded its second driest September, Western Australia recorded its third driest and South Australia recorded its fourth driest.
  • September 2018 rainfall in cropping regions was generally severely deficient to extremely low in southern New South Wales, and in much of South Australia and Western Australia. Small areas of cropping regions in south-western Western Australia, eastern Eyre Peninsula and the Mallee experienced their driest September on record.
  • During the next eight days, rainfall is expected to be restricted mainly to southern Western Australia and along the east coast, from south-east Queensland to eastern Victoria, extending into central New South Wales. The forecast suggests there will be little to no rainfall across the remainder of the country.
  • In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is expected in southern Queensland, northern and central New South Wales, and the east of Western Australia. Lower totals of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast in central Queensland, southern New South Wales, and north-western Western Australia.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) decreased during the week ending 4 October 2018 by 217 gigalitres (GL) to 11,788 GL and are at 52 per cent of total capacity. This is a 22 percentage points or 4,874 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin increased in the week ending 4 October 2018 to $349 per ML. This is an increase of $26 from the same time last week.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 3 October 2018 little to no rainfall was recorded across much of mainland Australia, where falls did occur, these were mainly restricted to the east, far south and south west of the country. Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres were recorded across isolated regions of south-eastern Queensland, north-eastern New South Wales, western Tasmania and south-western Western Australia. Similar totals were recorded in scattered areas of southern Victoria, western South Australia and upper Northern Territory.

Higher rainfall totals in excess of 50 millimetres were recorded in isolated parts of south-eastern Queensland. The highest recorded weekly total was 133 millimetres at Coldstream, in the Yarra Valley region of Victoria.

In cropping regions, rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres were recorded in the southern and western parts of Western Australia. For remaining cropping regions, little or no rainfall was recorded.

Rainfall analysis for the week ending 3 October 2018

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 3/10/2018

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 2 October 2018, maximum temperatures were generally above average (2°C to 6°C) across most of the country. Maximum temperatures were below average (-2°C to -4°C) in the south of Western Australia. Minimum temperatures were above average (2°C to 6°C) in large parts of central Queensland, north-western South Australia, southern Northern Territory and Western Australia. Minimum temperatures were below average (-2°C to -6°C) in parts of south-eastern and northern Australia.

Maximum temperature anomalies for the week ending 2 October 2018

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 3/10/2018

Minimum temperature anomalies for the week ending 2 October 2018

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 3/10/2018

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from the average over the 1961 to 1990 reference period. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Monthly rainfall

Area-average rainfall in September 2018 was the lowest on record for Australia. Rainfall deficiencies were widespread —Victoria recorded its second driest September, Western Australia recorded its third driest, and South Australia recorded its fourth driest. The Murray–Darling Basin experienced its sixth driest September on record, contributing to make the year-to-date rainfall across the basin the second lowest on record.

September 2018 rainfall in cropping regions was generally severely deficient to extremely low in southern New South Wales, and in much of Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Small areas of cropping regions in south-western Western Australia, eastern Eyre Peninsula and the Mallee experienced their driest September on record. In contrast, average rainfall were recorded in parts of central Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales.

Rainfall percentiles for September 2018

 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Note: Rainfall for September 2018 is compared with rainfall recorded for that period during the historical record (1900 to present). For further information, go to Australian Water Availability Project

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

During the next eight days, rainfall is expected to be restricted mainly to southern Western Australia and along the east coast, from south-east Queensland to eastern Victoria, extending into central New South Wales. The forecast suggests there will be little to no rainfall across the remainder of the country.

Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres are forecast for parts of south-eastern Queensland, central and coastal New South Wales, eastern and southern Victoria, and south-western Western Australia.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is expected in southern Queensland, northern and central New South Wales, and the east of Western Australia. Lower totals of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast in central Queensland, southern New South Wales, and north-western Western Australia.

This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As it contains no input from weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 4 October to 11 October 2018

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 4/10/2018

Commodities

Current indicators – 4 October 2018

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected world indicator prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate03-OctUS$/A$0.720.73-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.0.78-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf02-OctUS$/t240245-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.21910%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf03-OctUS$/t1581543%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1533%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburga02-OctUS$/t425434-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.428<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index03-OctUSc/lb86.688.5-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.78.311%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract03-OctUSc/lb11.410.59%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.13.8-17%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator27-SepAc/kg clean2,0132,067-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,52232%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator28-SepAc/kg clean2,1412,222-4%1,57236%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA02-OctA$/t360365-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.24149%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW03-OctA$/t4354301%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.27359%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW03-OctA$/t4104100%25660%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.01-OctA$/t6425987%54119%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW03-OctA$/t4054050%31429%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator27-SepAc/kg cwt487501-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.509-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18-24 kg fat score 2-3), Vic28-SepAc/kg cwt405484-16%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3709%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator27-SepAc/kg cwt707773-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.60317%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1-75 kg), average of buyers & sellers21-SepAc/kg cwt2652506%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.277-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1-16 kg)24-SepAc/kg cwt5485401%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.45720%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia22-SepAc/kg lwt3003000%330-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East10-Sep$/head111nana113-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade weighted average pricesa

Dairy – Whole milk powder02-OctUS$/t2,7532,768<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,037-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder02-OctUS$/t1,9821,980<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1,8955%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese02-OctUS$/t3,4683,503<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.4,109-16%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat02-OctUS$/t5,0695,294-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.6,504-22%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed:
04 Oct 2018